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Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.
A) Today, it is not distance, but culture that separates the peoples of the world. The central question of our time may be how to deal with cultural differences. So begins the book, Endangered Peoples, by Art Davidson. It is an attempt to provide understanding of the issues affecting the world's native peoples. This book tells the stories of 21 tribes, cultures, and cultural areas that are struggling to survive. It tells each story through the voice of a member of the tribe .Mr. Davidson recorded their words. Art Wolfe and John Isaac took pictures of them. The organization called the Sierra Club published the book.
B) The native groups live far apart in North America or South America, Africa or Asia. Yet their situations are similar. They are fighting the march of progress in an effort to keep themselves and their cultures alive. Some of them follow ancient ways most of the time. Some follow modern ways most of the time. They have one foot in ancient world and one foot in modern world. They hope to continue to balance between these two worlds. Yet the pressures to forget their traditions and join the modern world may be too great.
C) Rigoberta Menchu of Guatemala, the Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1992, offers her thoughts in the beginning of the book Endangered Peoples。 She notes that many people claim that native people are like stories from the past。 They are ruins that have died。 She disagrees strongly。 She says native communities are not remains of the past。 They have a future, and they have much wisdom and richness to offer the rest of the world。
D) Art Davidson traveled thousands of miles around the world while working on the book. He talked to many people to gather their thoughts and feelings. Mr. Davidson notes that their desires are the same. People want to remain themselves~ he says. They want to raise their children the way they were raised. They want their children to speak their mother tongue, their own language. They want them to have their parents' values and customs. Mr. Davidson says the people's cries are the same: "Does our culture have to die? Do we have to disappear as a people?"
E) Art Davidson lived for more than 25 years among native people in the American state of Alaska。 He says his interest in native peoples began his boyhood when he found an ancient stone arrowhead。 The arrowhead was used as a weapon to hunt food。 The hunter was an American Indian, long dead。 Mr。 Davidson realized then that Indians had lived in the state of Colorado, right where he was standing。 And it was then, he says, that he first wondered: "Where are they? Where did they go? "He found answers to his early question。 Many of the native peoples had disappeared。 They were forced off their lands。 Or they were killed in battle。 Or they died from diseases brought by new settlers。 Other native peoples remained, but they had to fight to survive the pressures of the modern world。
F) The Gwich'in are an example of the survivors. They have lived in what is now Alaska and Canada for 10,000 years. Now about 5,000 Gwich'in remain. They are mainly hunters. They hunt the caribou, a large deer with big horns that travels across the huge spaces of the far north. For centuries, they have used all parts of the caribou: the meat for food, the skins for clothes, the bones for tools. Hunting caribou is the way of life of the Gwich'in.
G) One Gwich'in told Art Davidson of memories from his childhood. It was a time when the tribe lived quietly in its own corner of the world. He spoke to Mr. Davidson in these words: "As long as I can remember, someone would sit by a fire on the hilltop every spring and autumn. His job was to look for caribou. If he saw a caribou, he would wave his arms or he would make his fire to give off more smoke. Then the village would come to life! People ran up to the hilltop. The tribes seemed to be at its best at these gatherings. We were all filled with happiness and sharing!"
H) About ten years ago, the modern world invaded the quiet world of the Gwich' in. Oil companies wanted to drill for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Preserve. This area was the please where the caribou gave birth to their young. The Gwich'in feared the caribou would disappear. One Gwich' in woman describes the situation in these words: "Oil development threatens the caribou. If the caribou are threatened, then the people are threatened. Oil company official and American lawmakers do not seem to understand. They do not come into our homes and share our food. They have never tried to understand the feeling expressed in our songs and our prayers. They have not seen the old people cry. Our elders have seen parts of our culture destroyed. They worry that our people may disappear forever."
I) A scientist with a British oil company dismisses (驳回，打消) the fears of the Gwich'in. He also says they have no choice. They will have to change. The Gwich' in, however, are resisting. They took legal action to stop the oil companies. But they won only a temporary ban on oil development in the Arctic National Wildlife Preserve. Pressures continue on other native people, as Art Davidson describes in his book. The pressures come from expanding populations, dam projects that flood tribal lands, and political and economic conflicts threaten the culture, lands, and lives of such groups as the Quechua of Peru, the Malagasy of Madagascar and the Ainu of Japan.
J) The organization called Cultural Survival has been in existence for 22 years. It tries to protect the rights and cultures of peoples throughout the world. It has about 12,000 members. And it receives help from a large number of students who work without pay. Theodore MacDonald is director of the Cultural Survival Research Center. He says the organization has three main jobs. It does research and publishes information. It works with native people directly. And it creates markets for goods produced by native communities.
K) Late last year, Cultural Survival published a book called State of the Peoples: a Global Human Rights Report on Societies in Danger. The book contains reports from researchers who work for Cultural Survival, from experts on native peoples, and from native peoples themselves. The book describes the conditions of different native and minority groups. It includes longer reports about several threatened societies, including the Penan of Malaysia and the Anishina be of North American. And it provides the names of organizations similar to Cultural Survival for activists, researchers and the press.
L) David May bury-Lewis started the Cultural Survival organization。 Mr。 May bury-Lewis believes powerful groups rob native peoples of their lives, lands, or resources。 About 6,000 groups are left in the world。 A native group is one that has its own langue。 It has a long-term link to a homeland。 And it has governed itself。 Theodore MacDonald says Cultural Survival works to protect the rights of groups, not just individual people。 He says the organization would like to develop a system of early warnings when these rights are threatened 。Mr。 MacDonald notes that conflicts between different groups within a country have been going on forever and will continue。 Such conflicts, he says, cannot be prevented。 But they do not have to become violent。 What Cultural Survival wants is to help set up methods that lead to peaceful negotiations of traditional differences。 These methods, he says, are a lot less costly than war。
46. Rigoberta Menchu, the Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1992, writes preface for the book Endangered Peoples.
47。 The book Endangered Peoples contents not only words, but also pictures。
48。 Art Davidson's initial interest in native people was aroused by an ancient stone arrowhead he found in his childhood, which was once used by an American Indian hunter。
49。 The native groups are trying very hard to balance between the ancient world and the modern world。
50. By talking with them, Art Davidson finds that the native people throughout the world desire to remain themselves.
51。 Most of the Gwich'in are hunters, who live on hunting caribou。
52. Cultural Survival is an organization which aims at protecting the rights and cultures of peoples throughout the world.
53。 According to Theodore MacDonald, the Cultural Survival organization 。would like to develop a system of early warnings when a society's rights are to be violated。
54。 The book State of the Peoples: a Global Human Rights Report on Societies in Danger describes the conditions of different native and minority groups。
55. The Gwich' in tried to stop oil companies from drilling for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Preserve for fear that it should drive the caribou away
A)现在，是文化而非距离将世界各民族分隔开。我们时代的中心问题也许是怎样对待文化差异。让我们从Art Davidson的著作《濒危民族》说起。该书试图帮助人们了解影响世界土著民族的诸多问题。本书讲述了为了生存而苦苦挣扎的21个部落、不同的文化和文化区的故事。每个故事都以部落成员的口吻叙述。【47】Davidson先生记录了他们的述说，Art Wolfe 和Jonhn Isaac拍摄照片，一个名为塞拉俱乐部的组织出版了这本书。
E)【48】Are Davidson在美国阿拉斯加州的土著民族中生活了25年多。他说小时候他发现过一个非常古老的石制箭头,从那时起,就激起了他对土著民族的兴趣。这个石箭头是被用作武器来猎食的。猎人是一位早已作古的美洲印第安人。接着,Davidson先生意识到当时的印第安人就生活在科罗拉多州, 他正站着的那片地方。他说,那时他第一次想知道：“他们在哪里?他们又去了何方?”他找到了这些问题的答案。许多土著民族已经消失。他们被迫远走他乡。或者,他们已经战亡。又或者他们死于新来的移民携带的疾病。其他土著民族虽然存活下来了,但是他们为了生存必须与现代世界的压力作斗争。
H)大约十年前，现代世界打破了哥威迅人的平静生活。【55】石油企业想在北极国家野生动物保护区勘探 石油。这片区域是驯鹿繁殖下一代的她方。哥威迅人担心驯鹿会消失。一位哥威迅妇女这样描述这种 情形：“石油勘探对驯鹿造成威胁。如果驯鹿受到威胁，那么人也将受到威胁。石油企业的管理者和美 国的立法者似乎并不理解这点。他们不来我们的家里，不和我们分享食物。他们从未试图了解我们的 民谣和祈祷中所要传达的感情。他们看不到祖辈们的眼泪。我们的父辈见证了我们的某些文化被摧毁。他们担心，我们的民族也许会永远消失。”
I) 英国石油公司的一位科学家打消了哥威迅人的担忧。他还指出他们没有选择,他们必须得改变。然而,哥威迅人拒绝这种改变。他们借助法律手段,阻止石油公司的开采。但是,国家只是禁止在北极国家野生动物保护区钻探石油,他们的胜利只是短暂性的。其他土著民族仍旧面临着这种压力,就像Art Davidson在书中描写的那样。这种压力来自日益增多的人口、淹没族地的水坝工程和政治经济冲突。秘鲁的盖丘亚族、马达加斯加的马达加斯加人和日本的阿伊努人,他们的文化、领土和生活都面临着政治经济冲突的威胁。
J)【52】文化拯救协会这一组织成立22年了。它试图保护世界各民族的权利和文化，拥有大约l2，000名成员。很多学生都是它的义工。 Theodore MacDonald是文化拯救研究中心的董事。他指出该组织有三项主要工作：开展调研，披露信息;直接与土著民族接触;为土著民族的产品开拓市场。
L)David May bury-Lewis创办了文化拯救协会。May bury-Lewis先生认为,其他更强大的民族威胁土著居民的生命,掠夺他们的土地和资源。世界上大约有6,000个民族。土著民族拥有自己的语言,长期居于某地,自我管辖。1531 Theodore MacDonaM指出文化拯裁协会旨在保护各民族的权利,并不是只保护个人权利。他说,该组织欲建立一个早期预警系统,当这些农权利遭到威胁对向人们提砖警告。MacDonald先生认为,国家内部各民族之间的冲突由来已久,并还将继续。这种冲突无法阻止,但并不一定要演变成暴力。文化拯救协会正致力于寻找方法,以和平协商方对待传统文化差异。他说,研究这些方法的代价比战争要低得多。
46. Rigoberta Menchu, the Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1992, writes preface for the book Endangered Peoples. 1992年诺贝尔和平奖的得主Rigoberta Menchu女士为《濒危民族》这本书作序。
【解析】 C)。细节题。根据句中关键词Rgoberta Menchu可定位至c)段首句。危地马拉的Rigoberta Menchu女士是1992年诺贝尔和平奖的得主。她在《濒危民族》这本书的序言中提出了自己的观点。由此可见 Rigoberta Menchu女士为《濒危民族》这本书作序。
47. The book Endangered Peoples contents not only words, but also pictures.
【解析】 A)。细节题。本题着眼点在The book Endangered Peoples，因此锁定有关这本书的介绍信息， 可定位至首段。该段末句是：Davidson先生记录了他们的述说，Art Wolfe和John Isaac拍摄照片，一个名为塞拉俱乐部的组织出版了这本书。由此可知，这本书不仅有文字而且还有图片。
48. Art Davidson's initial interest in native people was aroused by an ancient stone arrowhead he found in his child- hood, which was once used by an American Indian hunter.Art Davidson最初开始对土著民族感兴趣，源自小时候见到的一个美洲印第安猎人用过的石制箭头。
【解析】E)。细节题。根据句中关键词in the interesting native people和an ancient stone arrowhead可定位至E)段。他说小时候他发现过一个非常古老的石制箭头,从那时起,就激起了他对土著民族的兴趣。这 个石箭头是被用作武器来猎食的。猎人是一位早已作古的美洲印第安人。
49。 The native groups are trying very hard to balance between the ancient world and the modem world。
【解析】 B)。细节题。根据句中关键词the native groups和balance between the ancient world and the mod- em world可定位至B)段后三句。他们处在古代世界和现代世界之间。他们希望继续保持这两个世界的平衡。但是，抛弃传统、融入现代世界的压力非常大。
50. By talking with them, Art Davidson finds that the native people throughout the world desire to remain themselves.
【解析】D)。细节题。根据句中关键词the native people,desire和remain themselves可定位至D)段。 Davidson先生发现他们有着共同的愿望。他说,人们希望他们的民族可以延续。
51. Most of the Gwich'in are hunters, who live on hunting caribou.
【解析】F)。细节题。根据句中关键词the Gwich in和hunting caribou可定位至F)段。与句中意思一致的两句话是：现在，哥威迅族的人口大概有5000，主要以狩猎为生。狩猎驯鹿就是哥威迅人的生活方式。
52. Cultural Survival is an organization which aims at protecting the rights and cultures of peoples throughout the world.文化拯救协会组织旨在保护世界各民族的权利和文化。
【解析】J)。细节题。根据句中关键词Cultural Survival和protecting the rights and cultures of peoples可定位至J)段的前两句。文化拯救协会这一组织已成立22年了。它试图保护世界各民族的权利和文化。
53. According to Theodore MacDonald, the Cultural Survival organization would like to develop a system of early warnings when a society's rights are to be violated.
Theodore MacDonald 称：文化拯救协会欲建立一个早期预警系统
【解析】L)。细节题。根据句中关键词Theodore MacDonal和a system ofearly warnings可定位至末段中间部分。Theodore MacDonald指出文化拯救协会旨在保护各民族的权利，并不是只保护个人权利。他说，该组织欲建立一个早期预警系统，当这些权利遭到威胁时向人们提出警告。
54. The book State of the Peoples: a Global Human Rights Report on Societies in Danger describes the conditions of different native and minority groups. 《世界濒危民族的人权报告》这本书描述的生存现状。
【解析】K)。细节题。根据句中关键词the book a Global Human Rights Report on Societies in Danger可定位至K)段。该段对这本书进行了详细介绍,其中包括描述内容,即不同土著民族和少数民族的生存现状。
55. The Gwich' in tried to stop oil companies from drilling for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Preserve for fear that
it should drive the caribou away。
【解析】 H)。细节题。根据句中关键词stop oil companies from drillin9和drive the caribou away可定位至 H)段二至四句。石油企业想在北极国家野生动物保护区勘探石油。这片区域是驯鹿繁殖下一代的地方。 哥威迅人担心驯鹿会消失。
Directions：In this section,you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it。Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs。Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived。You may choose a paragraph more than once。Each paragraph is marked with a letter。 Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2。
How to Use a Library
A)You’re driving your car home from work or sch001.And something goes wron9.The engine stalls out at lights，holds back as you go to pass.It needs a tune up and soon.Where do you go? The library.You can take out an auto repair manual that tells step by step how to tune up your make and model.Or your tennis game has fallen off.You’ve lost your touch at the net.Where do you go? The library for a few books on improving your tennis form.
B)“The library!”you say。“That’s where my teacher sends me to dough homework。"Unfortunately, I’ve found that’s exactly the way many people feel。If you’re among them。you’re denying yourself the easiest way to improve yourself, enjoy yourself and even cope with life。My first suggestion for making the most of your library is to do what I did,read and read and read。For pleasure——and for understanding。
C)If it’s TV that keeps you from cultivating this delicious habit，I can offer a sure remedy.Take home from the library a stack of books that might look interestin9.Pile them on the TV set.Next time you are tempted to turn on a program you really don’t want to see，reach for a book instead.
D)Over the years，people collect a mental list of books they mean to read.If you don’t have such a list，here is the suggestion.Take from the library some of the books you might have enjoyed dramatized on TV, like Remargue’s All Quiet on the Western Front，Clavell’s Shegun，Tolkien’s The Hobbit，or Victor Hugo’s Les Mise Rables.If you like what you read、you can follow up with other satisfying books by the same authors.
E)Some people in their reading limit themselves to current talked—about best sellers。Oh,what they miss! The library is full of yesterday’s best sellers;and they still make compelling reading today。 Some that I've enjoyed：A。B。Guthrie’s The Big Sky,Carl Van Doren’s Benjamin Franklin,Mari Sandoz’s。Old Jules,and Norman Mailer’s The Naked and the Dead。
F) How do you find these or any other books you’re looking for? It’s easy—with the card catalog. Every time I go to the library——and I go more than once a week——I invariably make a beeline to the card catalog before anything else.It’s the nucleus of any public library.The card catalog lists every book in the library by：1.author;2.title;3.subject.Let’s pick an interesting subject to look up.I have always been fascinated by astronomy.You’ll be surprised at the wealth of material you will find under “a strong my” to draw upon.And the absorbing books you didn’t know existed on it.
CAUTION：Always have a pencil and paper when you use the card catal09.
G) Once you jot down the numbers of the books you are interested in，you are ready to find them on the shelves.Libraries call the shelves “the stacks”.In many smaller libraries，which you’ll be using，the stacks will be open for you to browse.To me there is a special thrill in tracking down the books I want in the stacks !For invariably,I find books about which I knew nothin9，and these often turn out to be the very ones l need.You will find the same thing happening to you when you start to browse in the stacks.“A learned mind is the end product of browsing.”
CAUTION：If you take a book from the stack s to your work desk，do not try to return it to its proper place.That’s work for the experts.If you replace it incorrectly, the next seeker won’t be able to find it.
H)Some of the brightest and best.informed men and women in America are the librarians who specialize in providing reference help.Introduce yourself State your problem.And be amazed at how much he p you will receive.CAUTION：Don’t waste the time of this expert by asking silly questions you ought to solve yourself.Save the reference librarian for the really big ones.
I) You shot：ld also learn to use the Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature.This green—bound index is me of the most useful items in any library.It indexes all the articles in the major magazines，including newspaper magazine supplements.Thus it provides a guide to the very latest expert information of any subject that interests you.So if you want to do a really first—class job，find out which magazines your library subscribes to，then consult the Reader's Guide and track down recent articles on your subject.When you use this wonderful tool effectively, you show the mark of a real scholar.
J) Since you can take most books home，but not magazines，take full notes when using the latter. Many libraries today provide a reprographic machine that can quickly copy pages you need from magazines and books.Ask about it：If you are working on a project of some size which will require repeated library visits，keep a small notebook in which you record the identification numbers of the books you will be using frequently.This will save you valuable time，because you won’t have to consult the card catalog or search aimlessly through the stacks each time you visit for material you seek.Sol fie of the very best books in any library are the reference books，which may not be taken home.Learn what topics they cover and how best to use them，for these books are wonderful repositories (储藏室、资料库)of human knowledge.
K) Your library can give you help on any subject.It can even be your business and legal advisor.How many times have you scratched your head over how to get a tax rebate(折扣)on your summer job? You，11 find guides to that.Want to defend yourself in traffic coup? Find out how in legal books at the library.
L) Library Projects Can Be Fun and Rewardin9。Here are a few ideas：
1.What are your roots? Trace your ancestors.Many libraries specialize in genealogy.
2.Did George Washington sleep nearby? Or Billy the Kid? Your library’s collection of local history books can put you on the trail.
3.Cook a Polynesian feast.Or an ancient Roman banquet.Read how in the library’s cook books.
4.Take up photography.Check the library for consumer reviews of cameras before you buy.Take out books on lightin9，composition，or darkroom techniques or—you name it!
M)If you haven，t detected by now my enthusiasm for libraries，let me offer two personal notes.I'm particularly pleased that in recent years two beautiful libraries have been named after me：a small community library in Quakertown，Pennsylvania，and the huge research library located at the University of Northern Colorado in Greeley.And I like libraries so much that I married a librarian.
46.The nucleus of any public library is the car，d catalog.
47.Yesterday’s best sellers are still good for readin9，which shouldn’t be overlooked.
48。The author suggests that people should go to the library for answers when things go wrong
49.The Reader，s Guide is a green—bound index which provides a guide to very latest expert information of any subject that interests readers.
50。The sure remedy to kick the TV habit is to take home from the library interesting books to read。
51.There are various kinds of fun and rewarding projects available in different libraries.
52.A notebook will help readers to record the identification numbers of the frequently used books which can’t be taken home.
53.Readers should not try to return the book taken from the stacks to their desk to its proper place.
54.When asking for help，readers are suggested not asking the reference librarians silly questions they ought to solve themselves.
55.When asking for help，readers are suggested not asking the reference librarians silly questions they ought to solve themselves.
46.The nucleus of any public library is the card catalog.任何公共图书馆的核心都是卡片目录。
【解析】 F)。细节题。根据句中的关键词The nucleus ofany public library可将本句定位在F)段的前四句。怎样找到这些，或其他你想找的书呢?很简单——用卡片目录。每次去图书馆的时候——我每周至少去一次——在做任何事之前，我每次都会径直走向卡片目录。它是所有公共图书馆的核心。
47.Yesterday’s best sellers are still good for readin9，which shouldn’t be overlooked.过去的畅销书仍然值得一读，不容错过。
【解析】 E)。细节题。根据句中关键词yesterday’s best sellers可定位在E)段的前三句。有些人读书只限于当前受到热评的畅销书。哦，他们错过了多少好东西呀!图书馆满是从前的畅销书;而且它们在今天仍深深吸引着读者。
48.The author suggests that people should go to the library for answers when things go wrong.
【解析】 A)。归纳题。根据句中关键词go to the library和when things go wron9可定位在A)段。作者在本段列举了几个生活中的难题,建议大家到图书馆寻求答案。归纳起来就是：作者建议遇到难题到图书馆寻求答案。
49。The Reader’s Guide is a green—bound index which provides a guide to very latest expert information of any subject that interests readers。《读者指南》是一本绿色封皮的索引书,可以指导你找到你感兴趣的任何主题的最新专业信息。
【解析】 I)。细节题。根据句中关键词The Reader’s Guide可定位在I)段的前半部分。还要学会使用《期刊文献读者指南》。这本绿色封面的索引是所有图书馆最有用的物品之一。它能查询到各大主要杂志上
50。The sure remedy to kick the TV habit is to take home from the library interesting books to read。为戒掉看电视的习惯,一个稳妥的补救方法就是从图书馆带回家一些有趣的书来读。
【解析】C)。细节题。根据句中关键词kick the TV habit和sure remedy可定位在C)段的第一、二句。
51。There are various kinds of fun and rewarding projects available in different libraries。 不同图书馆有各种有趣有益的专题。
【解析】L)。归纳题。根据句中关键词fun and rewarding projects可定位在L)段，此段列举了形形色色的图书馆专题，归纳得出结论：不同图书馆有各种有趣有益的专题。
52。A notebook will help readers to record the identification numbers of the frequently used books which can’t be taken home。
【解析】 J)。细节题。根据句中关键词notebook和the identification numbers可定位在J)段的第四句。
53.Readers should not try to return the book taken from the stacks to their desk to its Proper place.读者不要试图把从书架拿到他们桌子上的书放回到合适位置。
【解析】G)。细节题。根据句中关键词retum the book taken from the stacks可定位在G)段CAUTION部分。使用书库时要注意不要把你取的书放回到你认为正确的地方,这项工作是由专业人士来做的,免得放错了别人就找不到了。
54。When asking for help,readers are suggested not asking the reference librarians silly questions they ought to Solve the mselves。寻求帮助时,读者最好不要问参考咨询馆员那些需要自己解决的无聊问题。
【解析】 H)。细节题。根据句中关键词the reference librarians可定位在H)段CAUTION部分。注意：不要问这些专业人员那些必须你自己解决的傻问题,不要浪费他们的时间。
55.Your library not only helps your business，but also becomes your legal advisor.
【解析】K)。根据句中关键词help your business和legal advisor可定位在K)段第一、二句。你的图书馆可以在任何方面给你帮助。它甚至可以成为你的商务和法律顾问。